There are many possible causes for Asperger's syndrome of which we are aware and they are as follows.
- The genetic explanation. - Although no precise gene has yet been identified as playing a role in the causation of Asperger's, we know from the fact that both Asperger's and other 'autistic spectum' traits' have a tendency to run in families that the expression of specific genes is highly probable. The expression of certain genes probably has the effect of affecting the way in which the developing brain wires itself together. This genetic explanation is only the case for some people who have Asperger's, there are other causes too.
- Difficult pregnancy. - There does seem to be a correlation, although a definite causal connection has not been proven. In a high number of pregnancies where the child turned out to have Asperger's, conditions occurred which could have caused damage to the brain of the unborn child. Many Asperger's babies also seem small for their gestational age. The age of the mother also seems a possible factor, with babies with children with Asperger's being more frequently born to older mothers. Again, these adverse factors would possibly cause brain injury or otherwise affect the way in which certain areas of the brain were wired.
- Brain injury. - Brain injury can have a myriad of causes itself, from drug abuse, infection, through to good old fashioned perinatal asphyxia; - the list is endless. All these causative factors have one common effect, - they deprive the brain of oxygen. This causes injury and distorts the future development of the brain, so yes, in my opinion brain injury can cause Asperger's syndrome.
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